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The Causes Of Bad Breath And Halitosis

Bad breath is caused by Anaerobic Sulfur Producing Bacteria which normally live within the surface of the tongue and in the throat. These bacteria are supposed to be there, because they assist humans in digestion by breaking down proteins found in specific foods, mucous or phlegm, blood, and in diseased or "broken-down" oral tissue. Under certain conditions, these bacteria start to break down proteins at a very high rate. Proteins are made up of Amino Acids. Two of the Amino Acids (Cysteine and Methionine) are dense with sulfur.

When these "beneficial" bacteria come into contact with these compounds, the odorous and "lousy-tasting" sulfur compounds are released from the back of the tongue and throat, as Hydrogen Sulfide, Methyl Mercaptan and other odorous and bad tasting compounds. These "problem" compounds are often referred to as Volatile Sulfur Compounds (VSC), where volatile means Vaporous and Effervescent, two adjectives which accurately describe their ability to offend other people instantly.

Because Dr. Katz's original degree is in Bacteriology, he has studied to the crux of bad breath. Here is some important information you should know about these "bugs". They are not "bad guys" and are not infectious. Everyone in the world has the same group of bacteria in their mouth. You cannot "catch" bad breath from someone else, even by kissing. Since they are part of our normal oral flora, you cannot permanently remove them from your mouth, not by tongue scraping, not by antibiotics and not by rinses which claim to "lift the bacteria off your tongue". They only scientifically proven and clinically effective method of halting Halitosis is by attacking the bacteria's ability to produce VSC and by converting the VSC into ordorless an non-tasting organic salts. (Dr. Katz has personally treated nearly 10,000 people at his California Breath Clinic including young actors and models and has helped thousands more through the TheraBreath formulas.

Fig. 1

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Speaking about bacteria, there is one other fact you must understand about these bacteria. They are classified as "Anaerobic" which means without oxygen. They thrive in an environment where oxygen is not present!!! That is why they DO NOT LIVE ON THE SURFACE OF YOUR TONGUE! They live in between the papillae fibers that make up your tongue (see fig.'s 1 and 2).

These sulfur compounds are actually by-products of anaerobic bacteria (Flusobacterium and Actinomyces, among others). Everyone needs these bacteria, because they assist the digestion process. But, unfortunately, for some, as yet undetermined reason these particular bacteria are found in higher numbers in those anguished by Bad Breath. (Various theories attribute this to hormonal changes, a history of medications, usually antibiotics, anti-depressants, blood pressure medications and other sulfa drugs which create an imbalance of oral bacteria, or Genetics where these disorders appear to run in some families.) We do know however, that it seems to be evenly split between men and women.

fig. 3

Conditions under which the problem becomes worse:

DRY MOUTH - Although some cases of dry mouth are naturally occurring, most cases are caused by one of these factors: prescription medications as mentioned above, antihistamines, adult beverages, and mouthwashes with alcohol in them (this is why conventional mouthwashes that contain alcohol or other drying agents are about as effective as water!) Most toothpastes will make your mouth dry because they contain sodium lauryl sulfate or a harsh detergent and foaming agent. Check your toothpaste you currently use for yourself and see.

When your mouth is dryer, you have less saliva. Saliva naturally contains Oxygen, which keeps your mouth healthy and fresh. The bacteria are anaerobic, which simply means that they will thrive and make more sulfur in the presence of little or no oxygen. Thus if you have less saliva, you have less oxygen, thereby creating an anaerobic environment, perfect for the bacteria to produce more of the odorous and sour/bitter compounds.

POST NASAL DRIP - We know that proteins contain amino acids, which in turn contain sulfur compounds, see above text. When a person has a post nasal drip, mucus drains and coast the back of the tongue and throat, exactly where bacteria live (see fig. 3). Since mucus is made up of interlinked strands of protein, the bacteria have a field day, breaking down these proteins into odorous and sour tasting sulfur compounds. Strong Antihistamines don't help, because the drying effect of the antihistamines also creates a problem as we discussed above. They only method of ending the odor and taste are to use OXYD-VIII based oral products.

What about the sinuses? - After personally treating nearly 9,000 people world wide, Dr. Katz has yet to see a patient get rid of his bad breath following sinus surgery. First of all, these anaerobic bacteria cannot live in the sinus. When someone has a sinus infection, one of the common symptoms are intense sinus head aches, caused by the pressure from the infection in the sinus. If you don't have these powerful headaches, you probably don't have a sinus problem. The fact is that once someone has an elevated amount of these anaerobic bacteria, they will create the problem from any protein source, including mucous, phlegm, etc. which drain down the back of your throat into the area where these bacteria live.

HIGH PROTEIN FOODS - These bacteria love those proteins and certain foods are packed with them:

Milk and cheese and most other dairy products. (The fat content does not matter.) If you are lactose intolerant, do not eat or drink these products! Since your system cannot digest them properly, they are available to the bacteria for an extended period of time. A recent research article from the Los Angeles Times (November 1996) on lactose intolerance showed that nearly 67% of all Americans are classified as "Lactose Intolerant". This is due to the fact that in a diverse population such as we have here, there is a predilection from Asians, Hispanics and African-Americans to be lactose intolerant.

Fish are high in proteins. As many people eat a high fish diet, logically they make the problem worse.

Coffee with caffeine (and without) contains high levels of acids which cause the bacteria to reproduce more rapidly and create bitter taste for many people. (Virtually any acidic type of food will do this.)

fig. 5

pH is a term used to describe the acidity of the environment (see fig. 5). the oral cavity has a normal pH of 6.5 (7 being neutral) which is in the acid range. We know that acids make the bacteria reproduce much faster. In order to decrease the production of odorous sulfur compounds, we need to neutralize the acid environment. Our products are the only ones to be pH balanced in such a manner to do this most effectively. That is why our products do not leave a strange aftertaste like our competitors' products.

Coffee drinking was one of the problems that Dr. Katz's patients used to have. After starting treatment, they have been able to go back to coffee drinking (in moderation of course) without any bitter tastes afterward.

What works?

OXYD-VIII is the active ingredient in all of our products. It prevents the anaerobic bacteria from creating the odorous sulfide and Mercaptan compounds by "adding oxygen" to the environment. The end result is the formation of "Sulfate", which has no odor or taste (see fig. 6).

Fig. 6

Brushing and flossing alone will not work! - Halitosis and bad breath are not an oral hygiene problem. If you have bad breath, frequent brushing may actually make your breath worse.

BAD BREATH DOES NOT COME FROM THE STOMACH! - Except in rare instances due to a weakening of muscles that line the esophagus (Dr. Katz has seen about 2 people with this disorder out of the nearly 10,000 patients he's treated). Odor-causing bacteria located in the back surface of your tongue, on the roof of your mouth, in your throat, and in some cases on the surface of your tonsils if present (which may produce white odorous globules called Tonsiloliths), are the real source of the problem. That is why your tongue may be discolored from rosy pin to a whitish color.)

Dr. Katz's proprietary formulas provide a real solution to a real problem and the solution is a safe one because clinical trials were performed on patients which included his own family members. Using the combined experience of 61 years in Medicine, Dentistry, Bacteriology, and Biology, TheraBreath, ActivOxigen and TheraBrite products can conquer and stop bad breath!

The Science Behind TheraBreath

The TheraBreath System and its products are based on highly potent but extremely safe OXYD-VIIITM . OXYD-VIII is a refined and properly pH balanced formula derived from a chemical used in water purification for over 100 years, Sodium Chlorite. Our products have surpassed the "older chemical known as "active" Chlorine Dioxide, to provide amazing results. The significant improvements have been registered both clinically and from Real People just like you, who have switched from one product to another.

(..."Dr. Katz, when I switched from a competitor of yours to your new formula, I was a bit skeptical, but I wanted to try to get rid of that lousy taste in my mouth. Thank you for explaining the difference, now my taste is the freshest it's been in 30 years and even my grandchildren have started to kiss me again. Thank God for your miracle cure...")

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The Most Recent Clinical Study of TheraBreath:

Presented on August 20 , 1999 at UCLA - The University of California at Los Angeles - (at the 4th International Conference on Odor Malodor).

The Effects of Oxygenating ThereBreath Products on Bad Breath Patients - Testing of Saliva Production, and Reduction of VSC by Flame Chromatography and Halimeter Values.

Bacteria production of Hydrogen Sulfide plays the main role in the ethiopathogenesis of bad breath, although there are several other etiologic factors which also play a role. The anaerobic bacteria live in ideal areas, unreachable by oxygen, such as the back of the throat and tongue, interporoximal areas of the teeth, periodontal pockets, and enlarged tonsilla. An oxygenating agent able to act in regions could provide a benefit in eliminating halitosis.

Our study monitored 25 subjects at the Department of Periodontology of our University Dental School. Thhe subjects all suffered the most common sighs of bad breath and were evaluated both before and after the study using GCF, Halimeter (manufactured by Interscan) readings, and their level of saliva production by Periotron 8000.

Results showed a statistically significant decrease in Halimneter readings and GCF values, while at the same time increasing their level of saliva production.

Conclusion: TheraBreath products (Oral Rinse, Toothgel, Spray, PowerDrops, Chewing Gum, AktivOxigen Tablets) are able to scientifically eliminate bad breath (halitosis) while at the same time helping to create more saliva for those who suffer with dry mouth.

Independent study conducted by the following Doctors: G. Acikgoz, I. Devrim, M. Aldikacti, A. Kayipmaz, G Keles of the Ondokuz Mayis University Dental School, Samun Turkey.